JCX-26-24 (May 23, 2024)

Overview Of The Federal Tax System As In Effect For 2024

The current Federal tax system has four main elements: (1) an income tax on individuals, estates, trusts, and corporations (which consists of both a “regular” income tax and, in the case of individuals and certain large corporations, an alternative minimum tax);2 (2) payroll taxes on wages (and corresponding taxes on self-employment income) to finance certain social insurance programs; (3) estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer taxes; and (4) excise taxes on selected goods and services. The staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation provides a broad overview of each of these elements. 

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